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ISSN [print version]: 2384-9576  - MIUR E211002

ISSN [electronic version]: 2035-7982 - MIUR  E199789 



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ISSN [electronic version]: 2035-7982

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The scientific and cultural project EDA are the reasons the thought of Werner Heisenberg Nobel Prize for Physics in 1932

... It is probably true quite generally that in the history of human thinking the most fruitful developments frequently take place at those points where two different lines of thought meet. These lines may have their roots in quite different parts of human culture, in different times or different cultural environments or different religious traditions: hence if they actually meet, that is, if they are at least so much related to each other that a real interaction can take place, then one may hope that new and interesting developments may follow.


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EdA | Esempi di Architettura   ISSN [print version]: 2384-9576  - MIUR E211002

Vol 1,n.1, 2014

Vol. 1, n.2, 2014

Vol.2, n.1, 2015

Vol 2., n.2, 2015


EdA Special Issue 2016

1st International Symposium. Dialogue among cultures. Carnivals in the world

ISBN  978-88-6975-089-2;   ISSN 2384-9576

Florence, February 3-4, 2016 | Viareggio, February 5-7, 2016





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Il ruolo dell'architettura nei confronti della società
The wide-ranging debate relating to the architect's responsibility towards society has often been over-simplified by use of the term participation, resulting in the production of a tide of literature on the subject. De Carlo was one who supported participation, but the matter is not as simple as that. Numerous examples have been cited, mainly of residential architecture, some of which council housing, in which the architect interviewed the inhabitants. Several critics have commented that he used maieutic to convince people to support his projects; others claim that in reality it was only a pretext for propaganda and publicity. What is certain is that participation was a key word for De Carlo, who was an attentive anticipator of present-day issues. The intention of this work is to explain De Carlo's theoretic by means of the cultural context and editorial production, in order to arrive at an understanding that the object in discussion is not participation (which can be defined as a tool) but rather the role architecture can have with regard to society. This will be explained by means of a close examination of the most noteworthy events which took place at the end of the CIAM until the creation of Team X and from the tenth Triennial of Milan in 1954 with the Mostra dell'Urbanistica entitled “Cronache Italiane”, up to the seventh Biennial of Architecture in 2000, organized by Massimiliano Fuksas entitled “Città, Less Aesthetics, More Ethics”. A rapid survey, similar to a trailer, in which the real protagonists are always the same: space understood as architecture and society understood as the people who inhabit it.

Inserito il 10/12/2015 16:40 - Leggi tutto »

Archeologia e architettura
This text describes a project for the archaeological area of San Carminiello ai Mannesi in Naples within the ancient Greek-Roman centre of Naples. The functional hypothesis is the construction of a building for students accommodation and of an archaeological museum but what is important is the ''architectural'' theme of “building above” that both the facilities try to interpreter. In this way, in fact, the buildings, suspended on the archaeological excavations, are able to establish a new relationship between ruins and the city in a new vision for the urban archaeological project.

Keywords: urban archaeology, archaeological project, ancient centre of Naples.
Inserito il 11/11/2015 15:50 - Leggi tutto »

Il sistema di difesa durante il Secondo Conflitto Mondiale
The defense system in Sicily during the Second World War is characterized for the most part by military structures of small dimensions, in other cases it is a complex articulation of the spaces and the volumes (2 or 3 elevations), towards the attention to detail, especially when it came camouflage bunker (stone, house, apse, etc.,). The construction was done on the project of the General Staff and the material used was the brickwork and reinforced concrete and not. Natural ventilation is favored by placing a different level inputs with outlet air in places where it was difficult to stagnation gas. Artificial ventilation instead was realized through appropriate external vents. The heating was done with traditional wood stoves. In the Palermo area there are, information retrieved by military archive of Palermo, n. 2,075 military emplacement, different in shape, material and attached environments such as those of the shelter and ammunition. The bunkers also called casamatta, fortino e pillbox; They are situated on the coast, in the provincial roads, in the railway line and still at strategic locations camouflaged with the environment around.
The system of bunkers, is on one hand an evolution of the defense systems of the territory until then in use as the coastal guard towers, on the other hand, in the late twentieth century, it shows how a system obsolete and replaced by the most advanced technological systems (drones, satellite, etc.).
After the war, many families had lost everything, including the house, they took possession of the abandoned bunkers and trasformed in permanent housing. The people did their best to soften the dark aspect of Bunker. The walls were repainted in bright colors and the side of the thick outer walls were built small gardens. Today, most are in a complete state of abandonment by reason of their location, some have been demolished in the vicinity of roads and railway lines, while a small part was entrusted to associations that allow the fruition through guided tours. The renovate and development of the bunker together with guard towers make it possible to describe not only the defense system in use in our country connected to different historical events, but also to examine in depth the aspect technical-constructive of military construction (materials, type , etc.)

Inserito il 10/11/2015 10:02 - Leggi tutto »

Now it wants the mastery of ''mechanic'' in place of that of ''bricklayer''. It wants architects able to build while having to think about or be able to disassemble. Oftentimes we see the arrogance of so many artifacts that arrogate to themselves the right to feel immortal and instead of this are only premature obsolescence ungovernable. The implementation timing of contemporary architecture are often Jurassic, and even when the building is not already completed, usually the circumstances for which it was wanted change, impairing the realization that more and more often doesn´t allow to go back. Architecture is no longer able to keep up with the constant changes that the environment imposes (now increasingly rapid). Some case studies take us to a deep reflection. We will have, therefore, to rethink architecture with all the meanings of the temporal transformation, then operational reversibility.

Inserito il 10/11/2015 05:56 - Leggi tutto »

This paper reports the first step of a research project aimed at introducing soft computing techniques in the field of post-earthquake reconstruction. In April 2009, a disastrous earthquake struck the Italian city of L'Aquila, causing 309 deaths and damaging thousands of structures. As a result, Italian authorities established a regulatory framework for rebuilding process, which determines precise limitations for the seismic improvement of damaged buildings. According to this framework, a structural design final outcome, “eligible” or “not eligible”, depends on structural capacity and cost of works per square meter. The author, having worked to the seismic improvement of more than 10 RC and masonry structures damaged by the 2009 earthquake, believes that this evaluation system can be greatly improved through the use of simple soft computing tools. The goal of this work is to define a framework within which to build a fully automated methodology for decision support, with the aim of making the reconstruction process better. Fuzzy Logic seems to be the natural background for a methodology that aims to mimic the human expert judgment, in an environment where information is often vague and/or inaccurate.

Keywords: soft computing, seismic retrofitting, fuzzy logic.

Inserito il 20/07/2015 14:48 - Leggi tutto »

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