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EdA International Journal on.line

EDA International Journal on.line

ISSN [electronic version]: 2035-7982

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EdA International Journal on.line

International review of architecture and engineering

Accredited ANVUR GEV 08 - Class B

The magazine EdA Examples of Architecture, version on.line, with the requirement of 'peer review', was created to disseminate scientific papers published by universities and research centres, in order to focus attention on the critical reading of the projects. The intention is to create a place for a cultural debate on interdisciplinary topics, with the aim to investigate issues related to different fields of study ranging from history, restoration, architectural and structural design, technology, landscape and the city.


Submission Guidelines  EdA on.line

Authors: EDA, Esempi di Architettura on.line invites submissions from researchers in architecture, restoration, history of architecture, civil engineering and related disciplines.

Type of Articles: Only research articles are published, no book or exhibition reviews

Topics: Contributions on any topic in architecture, restoration, history of architecture, civil engineering and related disciplines are welcome. However, articles should be original and innovative, offering new research material and/or new perspectives.

Languages: Articles in one of the four languages authorized: Italian, English, Spanish, French and German.

Length: Preferred article length (text, including footnotes) is between 20.000 and 50.000 characters (including spaces), i.e., between c. 8 and 20 pages à 2.500 characters (including spaces). However, both shorter and more comprehensive articles as well as articles including appendices are also welcome.

Publication Status: Only unpublished manuscripts are accepted.
Please send your submission by e-mail:

Submissions are welcome any time.



EdA International Journal is composed by 8 scientific sections:

Cities and territories to live  [elisa palazzo, bruno pelucca]

Structure and infrastructure  [alessio pipinato]

Critical and creative fundamentals of the restoration  [olimpia niglio]

The architecture of reason: tradition, history and city [gaetano fusco]

Utopic cities: theory and planning  [claudia lamberti]

Toward a seismic architecture [alberto parducci]

Contemporary declinations and local contexts  [chiara visentin]

Materials, technology, innovation and environment  [giuseppe de giovanni]



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Elenco delle Reti Tematiche:


Elenco Articoli

Analisi strutturale di un edificio con pannelli sandwich FRP
The structural behavior of a sample one-story building with FRP structural frame and slabs and walls made of innovative FRP sandwich panels is shown. The performed structural analyses account for different building sites and are based on the results of previous experimental tests. The seismic performances are compared with those of other traditional construction technologies.

Keywords: FRP structures, FRP sandwich panels, seismic performance

Inserito il 29/11/2014 11:42 - Leggi tutto »

Water, essential material for the spatial creation from the territorial scale up to the most intimate one, has been used along history to create scenographies. We will study its use in the urban spaces of the Universal Exhibitions, ephemeral cities, created specifically for important cultural events which show new trends in urban development as well as the last technical advances and artistic concepts. Thus, we will focus on their different scales, from new urban planning up to the last water piece detail.
Because of the amount of events since the Universal Exhibition in London in 1851, beginning of our travel, we have selected two groups and some specific events in each one. As a beginning, we will visit the London Exhibition in 1851, the Chicago´s Columbine one in 1893 and the Paris one who took place in 1900. We will realize how fascinating the relationship between light and water was, in order to transform the space, both in their scenographic fountains and their landscape design.
We will finish at the beginning of the twentieth century, studying the ludic use of water in Seville´s Exhibition in 1929 and the evolution of “waterlight” art and the “magic fountains” of Barcelona the same year. During those ages, water scarcity was not a problem, the liquid was more a medium than a valuable good and current sustainability ideas were still far. Everything would change during the twentieth century and would be a new paradigm during the twenty first one but, it would be another story which we will study later. Our article shows a crossing travel through Universal Exhibitions with water as its guiding argument. The liquid joins urban design, scenography, art and the poetic of the space waiting for our applause.
Key words: Water; urban scenography; Universal Exhibitions

Inserito il 20/11/2014 12:51 - Leggi tutto »

Modern and ancient architecture are part of the cultural heritage of a community and they are remarkably important in order to preserve a country`s identity. Policies regarding cultural heritage in a nation aim at the acknowledgement, conservation, sustainability and restoration of it as evidence of national culture for present and future generations. Nevertheless, this legacy is threatened by the risk of being lost, and there are different threats either anthropic (human-caused direct damage, fire, collapse due to lack of planning and retrofitting, inadequate environmental management) or natural (earthquakes, climate change, landslides, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, etc.) that can cause the loss or damage of architectural heritage. Risk management of cultural heritage is a worldwide concern, and as a result of the increase of natural disasters in recent years in the world, the international scientific community and international organizations such as UNESCO are working to confront this problem, making different sectors aware of the importance of dealing with this problem and establishing appropriate risk management policies for cultural heritage as an important tool for sustainable development in a nation. Considering this important issue, the main goal of this article is studying seismic risk of architectural heritage and prevention policies. Seismic risk is a topic of interest in many countries, especially in Latin-American, middle-eastern and far eastern countries such as Japan. Studying seismicity as well as the actual situation of cultural heritage in Japan and Colombia, this article shows preliminary results of a research project on comparing the two countries in terms of retrofitting methodologies and risk management policies to protect architecture that is considered cultural heritage, which is important to reduce its vulnerability. This article also includes some considerations about laws enforced in both Japan and Colombia to protect architectural heritage in high seismic hazard regions and their prevention strategies.

Keywords: Seismic risk, Architectural heritage, Colombia, Japan, Retrofitting methodologies

Inserito il 06/11/2014 06:40 - Leggi tutto »

The land coast, with particular emphasis the port-city, are in fact used more and more like a menu in which different users increasingly move freely according to their needs.
The new definition parameters with respect to which the landscapes are recognizable, articulating configurations, immutable, and not concluded, but on the contrary, variables are always open and more leads, not the placement of functions, but the interaction between subjects, and actually pushed social, cultural, political and economic ...
The port city now seems more like a miscellany, and a composite variable, the definition of which combine multiple devices and whose understanding and operational management appears to be no longer in the perimeter of registers and formal, but the identification of rules and tactics logical drive and able to predict particular outcomes and the evolution of the different dynamics and vocations.
“Dream City”, “Dream Lands” and “Dream Country” will constitute the new benchmarks in the definition of geographies based on imagination, perception and use of spaces and scenarios from the sensitivity of each individual and class user, until the size of the global imaginary fantasy, with respect to which space, urbanity and territories are distinguished as “complementary” or “complementary” depending on the specific “action brands” and “areas of opportunity”.

Keywords: Mediterranean cities, new paradigm, urban face.

Inserito il 06/11/2014 06:35 - Leggi tutto »

The research called “Smart Shading” aimed to show how an intervention on the last finishing layer of the exterior walls can lead to a significant increase in the value of the whole building in terms of environmental quality and improvement of thermal insulation performance. The project has been developed by Iuav University of Venice, “Color and Light in Architecture” Research Unit, Veneto Region, Materis Paints Italia SpA and CERT Treviso Tecnologia (now T2i).
In the first part, the paper aims to show a summary of the goals of the research for the development of “Smart Shading” facade finishing. In the second part it aims to deal with the possible applications of the finish. In particular we want to show the importance of these tool for the requalification, regeneration and valorization of the architectural envelope of buildings, realized in the second half of the twentieth century, that are worthy to receive interventions for improvement.

Keywords: Sustainable coatings, smart technologies, environmental quality

Inserito il 06/11/2014 06:18 - Leggi tutto »

A study on the right to housing reveals the needy to face the topic of housing affordability. In fact, this is a topic which is currently likely to become a social issue. Globalization is strongly connected to our metropolitan cities: goods and individual mobility increases, lifestyles and needs change, new ways of living arise.
The economic crisis is often seen as a brake on growth, but in reality it can turn into an opportunity to revitalize the research on new solutions and methods towards economic, environmental and social sustainability.
Against this background, the problem of housing emergency comes to light. New policies designed to stimulate social housing provisions have to be improved in order to develop the supply of affordable housing.
The Public Administration must recover its traditional role of promoting and financing housing initiatives. Public-private partnerships seem to be the best solution to share tasks and risks. The private actor collaborates as an investor, with means and resources, and the public body acts as a provider and supervisor of the process to protect general interest.
The challenge is to achieve a rational approach towards social housing. The experience of a country, such as Austria, has been a good example owing to the implementation of effective procedures and efficient management. Analysing this model it is possible to identify problems in the Italian system and to outline guidelines to develop new housing policies towards the achievement of social and sustainable projects.

Keywords: social housing, public authority, Vienna.

Inserito il 27/10/2014 18:37 - Leggi tutto »

The use of contemporary composite materials as a technological solution for façade systems has been increased and improved during the last few years. This because those innovative materials can assure high performances and environmentally friendly solutions. New generations of acrylic surfaces, laminates and aggregates panels are brought into trade everyday and more and more performant compositions are continuously tested.
Moreover, a specific attention on recycled materials is being paid in order to reduce energy building consumption and foster sustainable and avant-garde technologies. Consulting a material library like for example Material ConneXion, we can find thousands of different composites having a big variety of physical and aesthetical properties and made with infinite sorts of components (from carbon particles to bovine fibers!) and processes.
Unfortunately, only a small amount of these innovative materials are already used on the building construction field. Composite materials like artificial stones, solid surfaces (i.e. Corian Dupont), laminates (i.e. Alucobond) and other less known elements are nowadays commonly adopted for ventilated façade solutions and help projects reaching high levels of building sustainability certifications like LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design) or KlimaHaus. The purpose of the following article is to analyze the thermic and physical benefits the application of composite materials on the building envelope generates in the sense of environmental design prescriptions.

Keywords: Composite materials, innovative façades, renewable cladding components.

Inserito il 27/10/2014 17:56 - Leggi tutto »

Experiencias desde la Gestión Ambiental Urbana
Usually the built heritage; the constructed floor; cultural diversity, and cultural landscapes are managed as objects of urban system and identifying value to society, and not as environmental problems , mainly urban . For urban environmental management behaves built heritage as environmental resources; Since they are the result of the interrelation – society-nature . Although treated even in a limited way, so it is not commonly done management from this perspective. One reason for this is the sectorial approach, which associates the resource with its origin. A conceptual model and a methodology are development to integrate concepts, instruments and tools, which will provide a change in the state of urban environment through conservation of resources, built heritage value. The experiences of urban environmental management developed under ecosystem, strategic and participative approaches has allowed people of Holguin province , deploy conservation experiences . His main contribution has been to integrate the isolated efforts of the entities that manage these resources under the criteria of their contribution to local development from an environmental perspective that allows a group to meet social needs associated with specific conservation and urban areas; the environmental status of the city.

Keywords: Built heritage, value of the heritage, urban environmental management.

Inserito il 22/10/2014 16:10 - Leggi tutto »

The static conception of a warp of ''curved beams'' according to a horizontal position plane, hypothesized in glulam, it has had to confront with the impossibility of achieving structural elements with the desired geometry; the productive scenery, at present, solves only solutions arc mixtilinear, the only type derivable from the glulam with horizontal arrangement of the slats. This study, including the reasons for the detected limit, has investigated the technological feasibility of the glulam with a vertical arrangement of the slats, the only one that would allow a curvature in the horizontal position plane. To proceed in this direction, it was considered essential, advance, characterize the new material under the theoretical-experimental profile, analyzing the technical problems, to be addressed through a review of the production cycle, and researching the failure mechanisms, through a program of experimental tests.

Inserito il 22/10/2014 15:27 - Leggi tutto »

The seismic vulnerability of vernacular architecture
The urban census, here proposed, is aimed at an expeditious as articulated knowledge of state of consistency, conservation and seismic risk of the architectural vernacular heritage, especially from the point of view of the seismic vulnerability, giving as assumed the condition of unpredictability of an seismic event, which is as evident as the probability of an earthquakes, characterized by an assigned intensity, in a pre-defined areas and considering a pre-assigned time window. The tool, described below, does not have a technical value in the narrow sense, it primarily do not want to suggest how to act on historic vernacular buildings, but rather it wants to provide general technical data of whether it is possible to intervene, proposing a preliminary scenario about outcomes, which are reasonably obtainable in particularly complex and compromise, contexts as, at first glance, it might seem, in terms of preservation of historical architectural vernacular heritage, in the case study of San Procopio. The contextual conditions are often the reason of the need to propose an expeditious tool, which is not only fast and unique, although at the same time able to document and represent complexity and variants of an architecture without architects, but also able to be used with a good level of control and uniformity by the average practitioner and professional, although not particularly experienced under the point of view of how to read and understand the ancient building, above all if not monumental, especially in terms of seismic performance.

Inserito il 22/10/2014 14:52 - Leggi tutto »

In this communication are established some concepts and basic principles of the sustainable approach at an international scale. The criterions of the author are provided in this sense beginning from the specific examples of the Cuban scenario. In particular, it´s exposed the case of the Historical Center of the Old Havana and its development since the 80's, beginning from the establishment of its Master Plan as an organized guide of the work and integral management of the habitat.
The Historical Center of Havana was declared since 1982 as a Humankind Heritage. Since then the City Historian's Office and in particular its maximum leader the Dr. Eusebio Leal Spengler, have been developed a huge labor to achieve an improvement of that locality, taking into account a sustainable approach.
Some of the actions and results obtained in the Historical Center of Havana are presented as a singular case in Cuba, its successes and mistakes; but mostly, are examined the main objectives pursued in order to increase the life quality of the population living in the Historical Center and the vision of future that has the Office to find the solution for the most pressing problems of the place, as a approximation way to the achievement of sustainability in the cities and in particular in a high valuable location.

Keywords: sustainability, participative management, conservation, transformation.

Inserito il 02/06/2014 19:51 - Leggi tutto »

Between 1900 and 1950, the Latin American cities have received cultural influences from Europe. The main cities of South America, in those years, were suffering from severe alterations and environmental changes, and the social contrasts were many strong. The Latin American city had lost its cultural identity and, at the same time, the city was trying to acquire a new image. In this complex cultural context advances the Austrian city planner Karl Brunner (1887-1960). Brunner had studied in Vienna and in 1929 he had started working in Chile and then in 1933 in Colombia. Brunner works 20 years of his life in Latin America where he left important works and contributions. This paper intends to analyze the work of Karl H. Brunner for the development plan of Bogotá's city (1933-1938) and the introduction of organic planning.
Inserito il 01/04/2014 19:47 - Leggi tutto »

After the 2009 l´Aquila earthquake, the Italian National Fire Corps developed specific decision support tools for shoring damaged buildings and for safeguarding the cultural heritage. In particular, an innovative approach for the standardization of the urgent interventions of temporary works was introduced with the Vademecum STOP (Shoring Templates and Operating Procedures) and, successively, a specific Handbook was realized for the training of specialists in the post-earthquake urban shoring.
Post-earthquake shoring, Italian National Fire Corps, Seismic safety
Inserito il 01/04/2014 19:38 - Leggi tutto »

The result that is presented below is part of bigger investigation realized in the Municipality of Cerro inside of the research project “The University in the solution of the local bank of problems” which is directed by the University of Havana in conjunction with the Politechnical High Institute “José Antonio Echeverría” since 2011. It is a diploma paperwork which has as its main objective to propose solutions for the recovery of a property located in a valuable zone of the municipality of Cerro, that has been dedicated to different functions along the years and it´s pretended to refunctionalized to promote, from the activities that will be realized in it, the enjoyment of the local community.
In a brief synthesis, it is provided the methodology followed to obtain the final results, as well as the proposals and conclusions of the paper.

Inserito il 01/04/2014 19:31 - Leggi tutto »

The houses of Jardim Filhos da Terra
Slums are no longer temporary solutions for the need for housing, but are becoming permanent. The phenomenon of this state of informality as a solution to the urgent need for housing in an exponential growing economy has been present in different ages and has been studied by architects and urbanists throughout the history of architecture. Slums are present in most developing countries. Yet given that slums are a consistent reality in the urban fabric they need to be studied individually during their development, as if they were cells of a unique entity - the contemporary city. In the last two decades, there has been in-depth research on informal settlements. This research has focused both on the reasons for the phenomenon and on possible intervention methodologies. Research treats the slum as an integrated part of the contemporary city, studying it with the same tools as the formal ones.The research methodology used in ''Jardim Filhos da Terra'' combines the Saverio Muratori traditional survey method with modern tools of urban analysis. This was tested during a period of research in a favela of São Paulo in Brazil. São Paulo was chosen because the city has invested in in-depth research on this phenomenon and is making a strong effort to find a solution for the integration of the informal settlements into the urban fabric. From this survey it was finally possible to make a taxonomy of the 68 surveyed plots, and from there to hypothesize the informal urban development.The greatest result was the understanding of housing evolution within the plot throughout time. That is a tool enabling planners to make previsions for the development of this informal fabric.

Inserito il 26/02/2014 13:10 - Leggi tutto »

Mario Roberto Alvarez: alla ricerca del Moderno
The work of Argentinean architect Mario Roberto Alvarez in his very numerous and varied production tackling a variety of issues represents a remarkable example of integrity and rigor within the complex history of the Latin American Modern architecture of the last century. The essay in outlining his training and his debut focuses on the analysis of three of his works that testify the value of his research based on reduction to a few basic principles in a strict relationship between the technical forms and architectural ones.
Inserito il 26/02/2014 09:04 - Leggi tutto »

The paper outlines the activities and the framework of the organization set up in the last years by the national system of civil protection in the field of the management and the coordination of technical activities during the seismic post-event emergency phase. It is well known that the time of the emergency is the most tricky and demanding among the civil protection activities. In order to ensure a right and effective outcome of the actions it is required to set procedures, technical tolls, qualified staff and team management, coordination between administrations and authorities.
Inserito il 26/02/2014 08:49 - Leggi tutto »

There are societies, which in a market economy, and the consequential globalization processes of syndrome TLC (Free Trade Agreements), transfer of technologies and knowledge, you have bet, a market model, which despite the global economic crisis, and way as knocking a the U.S. In countries such as Colombia, faithful to this economic paradigm, it follows the boom and unbridled construction of Shopping Centers, which apparently make believe the citizen common and current that their standard of living improves with the proliferation of these shopping centers, but this only works for investors, leaving on the rug, not only problems generation unqualified, but enormous consequences in other key variables such as quality of life, mobility, public space management, architectural and urban planning issues and problems of ideological and social idiosyncrasies that make us see these huge masses as the new paradigm of development for companies that follow these guidelines from the U.S. model, because in Europe they do not constitute a development paradigm. Specifically it aims to develop a critical and reflective reasoning on social dynamics filing the proliferation of malls in specific historical contexts as Colombian society.

Inserito il 06/10/2013 12:05 - Leggi tutto »

Riduzione della vulnerabilità di strutture prefabbricate
The paper describes a research focused on low-cost anti-seismic devices to be installed on precast buildings. This work consists in studying the behaviour of two-dimensional precast RC frames, equipped with dissipative devices placed on beam-column joints and at the base of the columns. The evaluation of the performance capabilities before and after the insertion of the devices is conducted. This system fully satisfies the requirements in terms of easiness of installation and costs reduction.

Inserito il 06/10/2013 11:50 - Leggi tutto »

Architettura della città: Napoli lo spazio della città che cambia
With the Architectural Planning Laboratory within the framework of the DiARC, University of Naples, the educational and training path is led by the idea of a research impacting the public space, the landscape and the new housing dynamics, starting from the Greek-Roman city. The ancient centre is the beating heart of a city such as Naples, that can not be defined in a univocal way. There is more than one Naples, the city has manifold facets and ancient Neapolis is only its best-documented catalogue. This architectural project is the outcome of a travel of knowledge – a thorough knowledge of the places, their material and immaterial conditions, that defines the possible proposals for the ancient city centre. Even beyond the possibility of a transformation in compliance with the places, its aim is to tell the story of the strategic processes and the issues underlying real urban transformation.

Inserito il 01/07/2013 04:07 - Leggi tutto »

Ling-Gang new city in Cina
The paper describes a project research aimed at defining tools and methodologies for the design of contemporary metropolises in contexts like China is, characterized by a recent and speed development in economics. The effort is to avoid the production of globalized images and re-introduce the idea of an urban fabric able to give urban quality to the places. At the scale of the residence, the typological mixitè is the tool to avoid the production of a alienating city while the architectural normative can guarantee the urban design capacity in in all the different linguistic expressions.

Inserito il 26/06/2013 18:45 - Leggi tutto »

The study of the protection of the landscape and of the architectural heritage in Colombia is a topic very important.
This paper analyzes the region of Tolima in Colombia and a particular cultural route between ancient traditions and colonial cities. Through the descriptions of ancient English and Italian travelers (nineteenth century) the same places have been studied by the authors. The analyzes were developed on the city of Honda, Mariquita and Ambalema and these studies permitted the depth study of ancient building techniques and intangible traditions. This contribution is the result of a interdisciplinary and international collaboration between the Kyoto University (Japan), Universidad de Ibagué (Colombia) and Universidad de Oriente (Cuba).

Inserito il 20/06/2013 21:03 - Leggi tutto »

Hidden in the green countryside near Florence in Bagno a Ripoli (FI), the small stone arch bridge over the Rignalla brook, left tributary of the river Arno, has been recently discovered. The Reclamation Consortium of Central Tuscany, the authority for the protection and maintenance of soil and waterways, has entrusted us with a research project aimed at a cognitive analysis of the bridge and a rehabilitation and functional recovery project for a pedestrian public use. The date of the laying of the foundation-stone in unknown: it is believed to be a “Roman bridge”. The historical research, also supported by the static analysis to evaluate the degree of stability of such a structure, suggests the possibility to attribute the design of the bridge to Leonardo da Vinci.

Keywords: Stone arch bridge, Masonry, Non-linear analysis.

Inserito il 21/04/2013 22:55 - Leggi tutto »

El barrio El Jordán de la ciudad de Tunja
The present document is part of the research project ''Territory, memory and identity in the popular urban settlements: the case of the Jordan district of the city of Tunja in the second half of the 20th century (1950-1980)'', whose purposes are to know construction of identity processes, carried out by the inhabitants of this sector and promote the strengthening of community ties and the group conscience. Accordingly, the document seeks to highlight some of the practices that have contributed to the phenomenon of appropriation of space, as well as to establish the relevance of these for the construction of a neighborhood identity, in this sector of the city, taking into account the character of its inhabitants and the circumstances of the occupation process.

Key words: popular settlements, territory, neighborhood identity, memory

Inserito il 21/04/2013 22:36 - Leggi tutto »

Bruno Violi, Italian architect has been listed as an architect of the modern movement, denomination easily justified in considering his built work and in the immense material drawings today are a valuable source for research about the origins and development of modern art in Colombia, from architecture. In search of modern principles Violi with other architects trained in Europe, working on worthwhile projects of national architecture, such as the University City in 1939, forming a stream of art that influences significantly the history of Colombian architecture, produced during the decades of the 40's buildings 70'sy currently recognized as a national heritage. Bruno Violi articulated the idea of architecture built on two fundamental entities-bearing structure and sectors closing-expressed in concrete formally different, both the construction process and the values and quality materica, grain and color. The option of Violi for the dualistic structure / closure is therefore a fundamental poetic assertion that concrete in building “El Tiempo” (1958), with the clarity and concise nature of a manifesto and reports on previous and subsequent developments of its architecture. Violi able to resolve this contradiction with the domination of technology in a new architectural order through a long and careful investigation.

Bruno Violi, modern architecture, construction, coating, technique, structure, construction, sublime, character, printing.

Inserito il 15/04/2013 19:53 - Leggi tutto »

The theme corresponds to interventions in consolidated centers. We analyzed, comparatively, two architectural projects located in the historic center of Bogota. Image 1, art museum of the Bank of the Republic of Enrique Triana and Image 2, Fondo de Cultura Económica de Rogelio Salmona. The present writing is assumed as a critical process about interventions in contemporary consolidated centers. For the development of the exercise are taken two projects in Bogota.
The prelude as a prelude to the critical exercise, it is advancing with the study of the context of the historical center, the equipment that helped consolidate, and the insertion of the urban projects; henceforth, to sustain the critical position, the work is oriented toward display relevant aspects of the work of two architects. The next step is to address the building Fund of Economic Culture of Rogelio Salmona arguing the elements that disuenan in the intervention; and the Art Museum of the Bank of the Republic of Enrique Triana as a discreet and quiet position in the center consolidated.

Inserito il 11/02/2013 12:43 - Leggi tutto »

The study of the protection of the architectural heritage of the twentieth century can analyze specific cultural parameters to define the value of architecture. The focus is mainly on architecture created by architects of national and international fame. It is rather interesting to analyze also the architectural development often excluded by parameters of evaluation because it was considered of no great value. To understand the development of cities is fundamental to analyze this heritage also ignored. Is important to define the evaluation criteria of this heritage and conservation methods. In the analysis of evaluation involved political, social, economic and generated different ways of preserving this heritage.

Inserito il 04/02/2013 16:55 - Leggi tutto »

Heritage Series. Ibagué Colombia
From a particular vision of heritage structure is a way to demonstrate the potential methodological material heritage town of Ibague. Methodologically starts from the concepts of type, type and number, around these notions are incorporated with potential real estate, in order to make them visible to the inhabitants of the region, while contrasting with topics related to authors the series. The result is building two new proposals, as typological series and series bio-poetic function symbiotically, the two series are assets. Based on the results of the study concluded that the implementation of this route methodological proposal can provide recognition as a heritage house recondite, constituting an alternative possibility of nomination from local heritage.

Keywords: number, type, heritage potential.

Inserito il 04/12/2012 21:19 - Leggi tutto »

… da luce a, Luce
Light, like the other elements of ‘fire', together with ‘earth', ‘wind' and ‘water' constitute the points of reflection upon which are based the research and activities of INBAR- the National Institute of BioArchitecture - that, with its first BioLaboratorio entitled “Let's catch the Sun” held Alcamo on 12.10.2012, saw the participation of various experts and academics in this field of study, chaired by the President of the Scientific Committee of INBAR , based in Trapani, Prof. G. De Giovanni. In particular, the contribution of E. W. Angelico has made an intense impact on the various forms of lights; between the natural and artificial; between the direct and indirect; between illuminated artefacts and luminous artefacts. Architecture often endows every action in direct proportion, light with the space - both for illumination (therefore, designed in relation to its dark and light) and to be luminous (therefore indicating the relationship between external and internal). Some examples permit the reading of the efficacy of light in a journey from the ‘natural' .

Inserito il 20/11/2012 10:57 - Leggi tutto »

The work related to the first phase of the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan (BACMP) has been developed according to a program of «Developing capacities through technical cooperation». The Plan, funded by the Italian Cooperation with the support of UNESCO and under the technical and scientific supervision of a group of international consultants, had a dual purpose. Parallel to the conventional work on conservation and planning, a Capacity Building process was developed in order to overcome the lack of local specialists in the field of survey and GIS for urban rehabilitation and renewal.

KEY WORDS: Historical centres renovation, GIS, Web Technologies, Capacity Building, Virtual Office, remote cooperation, UNESCO
Inserito il 20/11/2012 10:49 - Leggi tutto »

The study consists of developing a methodology for the design of natural ventilation systems, based on information legislation, which has the scope of the school building. It configures as an instrument to support the renovation project, for the definition of integrated performance between the building envelope and natural ventilation systems through horizontal, structured in a set of sheets containing preliminary guidelines in terms of comfort, quality management and environmental compatibility.

Keyword: comfort, quality management, environmental compatibility

Inserito il 08/11/2012 19:49 - Leggi tutto »

The social-political reality areas of agricultural and town planning transformation in the territories of Lucania can be subdivided into newly founded rural villages, settlements dating back to 1940-60 built after the Land Reform and in addition to these there are also the architectural buildings spread throughout the territory, which are nonetheless linked to production and the economy. A critical study of these architectural buildings and technological innovations involved, is analysed in-depth by survey using scientific methods, documenting and classifying the architectural structures.

Key-words: rural villages - building types - construction techniques

Inserito il 08/11/2012 19:28 - Leggi tutto »

Almost every progress in science has been paid for by a sacrifice, for almost every new intellectual achievement previous positions and conceptions had to be given up.

Werner Heisenberg, Nobel Prize for Physics, 1932.

Inserito il 12/10/2012 03:53 - Leggi tutto »

On the background of the contemporary re-emerging of some typical issues of the utopian tradition, the aim of this essay is to analyse the meaning and the role played by the utopian dimension within the construction of urban and regional planning by focusing on the relationships between both the Ebenezer Howard´s model of garden city and London during the Industrial Revolution and the latter and the origins of urban and regional planning as a “technical” discipline.

Key-words: utopia, urban and regional planning, industrial revolution, garden city.

Inserito il 12/10/2012 03:36 - Leggi tutto »

This paper constitutes an approach to heritage Boyacá, in regard to general features that translate their culture, but with emphasis on artificial facts represented in urban public space - parks, streets - and those buildings that their importance to historical and architectural level have been recognized as a fundamental part of the built heritage in Colombian territory, the look herein will relate our professional work with prints, obtained through the paths and recognition of cultural values in this region, reflected through photographs and drawings, which allowed capture moments, but also the essence that enclose its wonderful landscapes, composed of natural and artificial elements in constant interaction. It then translates an itinerary composed of those who, in our view, appear to be the main sites and aspects that make up the heritage of two of the most representative of this department: Tunja, the capital, and Villa de Leyva, given its historical and architectural legacy as part of its built heritage. Finally, the paper acts as a first approach that can contribute to the generation of a greater awareness of the importance of heritage, to build a regional identity.

Inserito il 11/10/2012 05:17 - Leggi tutto »

Il posto di Maredolce. Un paradiso a Brancaccio
By sharing of the presentation to the Colloquium RIGPAC, we want to account for a number of initiatives to Palermo from the restoration of a monument, the Palace rediscovered of Maredolce (norman foundation of seniority arabic), we are conducting for there development of industrial Brancaccio area of Palermo. To preserve the identity of the community has created a public-private partnership coordinated by the Department of the University of Palermo, which has set in motion several parallel actions aimed at:
- The enhancement and use of the building closed to the public and to be rediscovered by the Forum of onlus organization that deal with cultural property in Palermo (exhibitions, guided tours).
- Active involvement of the resident population by the international project PARTERRE, (modeled on the experience of the Tuscany Region), which has experienced a Brancaccio an electronic instrument dedicated to participatory planning: Electronic Town Meeting (E-TM) to allow the people themselves to participate in decision-making in the city (Strategic Plan).

Inserito il 10/09/2012 07:00 - Leggi tutto »

The paper presents the layout and the first development of a research targeted on the study of seismic protection devices at low cost to be inserted in the joints of precast concrete building systems. The first part of the work is targeted to the classification of devices, with particular attention to construction details, the compatibility of seismic code and the costs of production. The second part of the work is targeted to the identification of technological strategies that can improve the expected seismic performance to prefabricated systems . With reference to a case study, was established the increase of the seismic capacity of structural precast systems and the reduction of cost construction of the elements in order to offset the cost of the devices.

Keywords : precast building, joints beam –column , seismic capacity.

Inserito il 17/08/2012 13:43 - Leggi tutto »

The Beijing-Shangai high speed railway started the construciton in 2008 and has been recently completed: this high-speed new railway line is 1318 km long with a design speed of 350 km/h, including structures as the relevant Yangtze river crossing in Jiangsu province. The new Dashengguan bridge is located in 1.5km upstream of the existing 3rd Nanjing Yangtze road bridge, the alignment of which was based on the general construction scheme of the Beijing-Shangai high speed railway, the Shangai-Wuhan-Chengdu express railway, the urban rail transit system, and the local geological and hydrological conditions. This article deals with the description of the Dashengguan bridge, as it could be considered the world´s longest span high speed railway bridge ever built.

Inserito il 21/07/2012 01:06 - Leggi tutto »

La riverticalizzazione delle colonne storiche in materiale lapideo
The cost of a verticalization work on columns depends highly on the value of the historical manifacturing, on the role the column plays statically and prominently on the geometry and dimension of the manufacturing. This present contribution aims at analysing the phases and the costs of the work either strictly in terms of the construction site and also considering the instrument diagnostic and precautionary checks.

Columns, diagnostics, costs.

Inserito il 20/07/2012 13:53 - Leggi tutto »

Aldo Rossi had two main ways to relate to architecture: one was constructed through the process of knowledge and the other one through the process of imagination. Those two ways are captured and synthesized in a couple of definitely antithetical projects: San Cataldo cemetery in Modena and Teatro del Mondo in Venice. San Cataldo Cemetery is an analog city for the dead, displaying the process deducted from the observation of the architecture of the city, that is where all his interests and feelings are condensed. The theatre in Venice, on the opposite, is the objectification in image of the idea of city, an architectural object capable of retaining in its inside the iconography and the spirit of the city of Venice.

Inserito il 02/07/2012 13:53 - Leggi tutto »

In Cuba, the constructions, in a general way, are subjected to a process of marked deterioration, given by the lack of systematic maintenance, the envelope exploitation, the bad quality of the materials and the processes of execution inadequate employees in the constructive carried out interventions.
In the last half a decade, they have been carried out constructive interventions to a group of constructions of housings of the Traditional Pier with new materials but without achieving a substantial advance neither a durable recovery of the same ones. The specialists possess approaches divided on if it is adapted or not the use of these materials. However, a real evaluation of the effectiveness of these solutions doesn't exist in front of those considered as traditional.
This work shows the results of the investigation carried out by the author to opt for the grade of Máster in social Housing and its tutor. He is carried out an approach to the use and development of these New Materials in Cuba. The solutions are evaluated for the alterations identified in the Pier as much with traditional materials as with the new materials as for execution speed, durability and annual costs and he/she is defined which is the most suitable solution to face the recovery of the same ones.

Key words: conservation, durability, interventions, materials, recovery.

Inserito il 02/07/2012 13:45 - Leggi tutto »

In the words of its designer, Agostino Renna, the settlement unit for 20.000 inhabitants of Monteruscello is «a wider new part of the city». The control of the architectural composition of the whole design has been conceived by the tracing plans. But at the architectural form Renna has arrived through the mounting of different urban elements and figures, far one another in time and space. Unifying them is their own belonging to architectural tradition, ancient or modern, anyway rational.

Keywords: Renna, Monteruscello, rational

Inserito il 26/06/2012 14:14 - Leggi tutto »

An ideal home derived by a perfect geometry. The rigor of lightness, the theme of transparency and vertical distribution: proportion and perfection that are explained in all the scales and details: from the handle to the internal layout, from the wise use of solids and voids, to the materials. A corollary of all compositive aspects. The house for rent, located on Como lake, was designed, between 1938 and '39, by Cesare Cattaneo, rationalist architect from Como, just 3 years later his diploma in architecture at Milan Polytechnic. Being owned by himself, he can experiment freely, “without succumbing to the tyrannical desire of clients”, his enthusiasm for details. It is a small apartments building for the middle class, an ideal field to test a number of problems of composition and technology: from distribution to the location on the environment, from the cost to the good keeping in time, providing us, with a structure still well preserved, an innovative study of Modern solutions. The house stands on a site alongside a short distance from anonymous dwellings. The initial choice was therefore to communicate a violent conflict with the closer existing architectures, claimed the right to belong Modern architecture inside of city centers. Although the natural context of the lake, the visual cones, the broad urban environment are subtly understood inside the project, Cattaneo wants, with his architecture, to give an innovative element for the place, with characteristics that could almost be described as a monumental modernism.

Cesare Cattaneo, Modern movement/ Natural context, Architect's home

Inserito il 21/06/2012 12:07 - Leggi tutto »

The underlying concepts of earthquake engineering have evolved substantially over recent years. The objectives have become more ambitious and procedures for building design have become more complex. Countries subject to seismic risk have updated their standards: some to a considerable extent, others less so. In any case, greater attention is now focused directly on the prevention of building collapse by controlling the post-elastic behaviour that constructions bring into play to defend themselves when attacked by violent earthquakes. Consequently, design requirements are no longer met by performing only traditional resistance checks on assigned forces systems, because the checks must now refer to requirements with predefined performance criteria.

Inserito il 20/05/2012 12:37 - Leggi tutto »

This paper aims to be the first step for a reflection about how a certain king of architectural heritage object should be better preserved.
Key-notes: Heritage, Architecture, Preservation.

Inserito il 18/05/2012 11:15 - Leggi tutto »

In his classic text Cities in History, Lewis Mumford discusses the image and social structure of ancient cities. Mumford refers to the ideal, or dreamed city, as belonging to the urban utopian tradition. This ideal city is the foundation of utopian cities as such.
This utopian trend has run along for centuries and can be interpreted as a natural human inclination to transcend the here and now. The utopian dream has been endless and has permeated all kinds of social endevours. The first versions of the South American utopia can be traced back to mythical drawings which seem to envision a ''fourth continent'' which , in turn, are the germs of the so called '' New World''

Inserito il 17/05/2012 05:11 - Leggi tutto »

The city of Seville has become a complex relationship metapolis of mobility and function; this does not alter the fact that there are pockets of urban life enriched by his own physical condition and lifestyle. The case of the Macarena is especially interesting because it contains two realities of identity, on the one hand, the brand image produced by the powerful religious and folk tradition, projecting its image globally, and on the other hand the local culture, whose identity is directly defined by a physical medium (plot) and a dense social fabric adapted to a lifestyle somewhere between the customs of traditional and new forms of life that retrieve such traditions. The aim of this study leads us to approach the protection of intangible heritage through the protection of tangible heritage

Keywords: intangible heritage, public space, identity
Inserito il 30/04/2012 11:34 - Leggi tutto »

BICOLORI a INCALMO. Vidrio y agua, paisajes de Carlo Scarpa
Carlo Scarpa ‘s work couldn't be understood without Venice matters, glass and water.
As Louis Kahn said, “his designs ask nature in order to shape the elements”. That's the way he would create.
We propose a travel to Scarpa's works, showing his main creative matters. Water, in relationship with glass and Venice landscape, would be used by the “professore” in order to structure the space and transform our perceptions and feelings.

Key words: Scarpa, water, glass

Inserito il 30/04/2012 01:05 - Leggi tutto »

La produzione industrializzata eco-innovativa per il retrofit edilizio
The evolution in the design approach to sustainable building refurbishment is mainly due to an increased level of performance required to meet the targets set by current legislations in terms of reduction of CO2 emissions and energy consumption. The paper outlines the industrial production trends for the retrofit in Europe, with particular focus to the UK, where the development of eco-innovative construction products is showing substantial results in relation to mass retrofitting interventions onto existing buildings.

Keywords: Eco-innovation, construction products, mass retrofitting

Inserito il 10/04/2012 06:45 - Leggi tutto »

La Mostra delle Terre Italiane d'Oltremare
The complex of the Mostra delle Terre Italiane d'Oltremare built in Naples in 1940 represents a real 'case' within the season of Italian architecture characterized by an opposition of different stylistic options (Rationalism, Novecento, Eclecticism, Historicism, Littorio) within the wider context of the rhetoric of the fascism. The complex provides clear relationships with the built city and with nature, using a matrix system of tracks taken from the tradition of the Italian city. Its recent application to the protected site UNESCO list, requires a particular attention to the mode of action on this important architectural and urban heritage.

Inserito il 10/04/2012 06:36 - Leggi tutto »

ABSTRACT: This article presents a set of factors that have caused significant damage to historical brick-arch bridges located in the southwest region of Colombia known as ''Alto Cauca''. These causes can be sorted into three categories (natural causes, errors in the construction process, and human intervention). These factors must be completely identified as a task prior to any preservation and restoration work on these types of structures.

Key words: structural damage, brickwork bridges, construction pathologies.

Inserito il 01/04/2012 07:36 - Leggi tutto »

Water as a scarce resource and as a common good undoubtedly constitutes a relevant issue since it is linked to the empowerment of local communities. Researches on developing countries highlight the role of traditional knowledge in achieving sustainability goals based on an appropriate use of natural resources, by establishing the harmony of architecture with the environment, the symbiosis of the techniques of organization of space with the traditions, the social habits, the spiritual values and the fusion between practical aspects and beauty. Some historical infrastructures of Italian municipalities in the Middle Age and in the Renaissance – such as the underground aqueduct of the city of Siena – also constitutes an example of these shared social-natural “constructs”.
Inserito il 26/03/2012 02:35 - Leggi tutto »

In Colombia in the late twentieth century there were two events that we call ''catastrophic'' when compared with many other cases too easily regarded as ''exceptional.'' These two events occurred in the center of the country in the region of Tolima, with the eruption of the volcano Nevado Ruiz and the consequent destruction of the town of Armero (1985) and again with the earthquake, January 1999, in Armenia has destroyed the capital Department of Quindio. The paper will analyze these two events have been an important development opportunity for the affected regions.

Inserito il 18/03/2012 10:25 - Leggi tutto »

Dalla casa a patio ai tipi urbani del Foro e dell'Acropoli
The essay examines some of the James Stirling's projects and it tries to overcome the traditional location of his work in the field of the postmodern. The thesis is that James Stirling, in drawing on a repertoire of exempla from the European architectural tradition and in referring to the urban typologies of forum and acropolis for the construction of public urban spaces, is, despite his specificity, a rational architect.

James Stirling – architectural composition – urban typologies

Inserito il 25/01/2012 07:13 - Leggi tutto »

Hospital has always played a crucial role because it is an emergency strategic building for the ordinary and even more in case of exceptional events such as earthquakes. Apart from the few recent buildings designed and built according to NTC (2008), design and intervention methods of existing buildings are going to be investigated with more and more attention. In the context of many historical cases, which have indicated the high vulnerability of these buildings, and in relation to the mandatory provisions of actual codes and regulations, this article introduces the problem outlining the regulatory system, then focuses on how to approach the issue of checking existing structures, and finally outlines the main mode of intervention, improvement or repair of existing hospitals.

Inserito il 22/12/2011 13:32 - Leggi tutto »

Today, universities cannot ignore Bogotá's crisis in public health and infrastructure works. On the contrary, they ought to get more involved in it every day. But there are cultural overcrowding and saturation in university population. The supply of postgraduate courses and institutions has rocketed. However, neither the country nor the cities where universities are concentrated are ready to stand up to it, especially in the condition of cultural dependence in which we are today in Colombia.

Key words: growth, knowledge, dependence, education, student, family, researcher, mercantilism, teacher, professional

Inserito il 19/07/2011 10:46 - Leggi tutto »

The Convent of San Francesco in Tursi founded between the XIV and XV century is one of the oldest and most beautiful of Basilicata. Over the centuries it has undergone many changes and alterations due to the tastes, trends, natural disasters and wars.
Lost its function at the beginning of the twentieth century, the building has been degraded.
During the twenty-first century, invasive restorations have distorted the structure, as saying that the restauration work coused many changes damaging the originality.

state of ruin; transformation; restauration

Inserito il 21/02/2011 14:05 - Leggi tutto »

The paper concerns the issue of conservation of both tangible and intangible heritage. This enlarged point of view become particularly relevant in not-western cultural contexts, requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The Chinese case study shows how conservation should be mainly intended as a process of knowledge construction aimed to a collective awareness of the local identity.

Key-words: cultural landscape, economic growth, multidisciplinary approach.

Inserito il 13/02/2011 10:30 - Leggi tutto »

The city is energy: a where the food is related to the energy flows into and out. Throughout its history could be reinterpreted on energy, linking the form to the energy use, and how to vary the latter, also vary the first constantly. If form and function of the city depend on the availability in the area of energy networks and infrastructure and whether these have a direct impact in its spatial conformation, such as new renewable sources and technologies will change the shape of next city?

Inserito il 19/01/2011 03:47 - Leggi tutto »

Technology retrofit interventions, combining innovation and attention to renovation and energy performance issues, represent an innovative driver for the economic recovery of the construction industry. These goals can be pursued through the use of innovative technologies aimed at ''updating'' the buildings with adjustment and improvement integrated measures, as well as with the performance increase and the ''modernization'' of the existing buildings.
Energy performance of buildings - technology retrofit – technology innovation.

Inserito il 12/01/2011 15:19 - Leggi tutto »

Ambasciata in Europa nell'era Keicho
In occasione della presentazione del libro Giappone. Tutela e conservazione di antiche tradizioni, a cura di Olimpia Niglio e Koji Kuwakino. Gabinetto Scientifico Letterario Vieusseux, Vieusseux Asia, Firenze.
Italian - Japanese
Inserito il 22/12/2010 17:11 - Leggi tutto »

The empirical approach in the evolution of bridge and structure
This paper illustrates the result of a study concerning the design and modeling of structures of the famous Italian engineer Pier Luigi Nervi (1891-1979). His approach in studying and in building a large amount of structure, has a theoretical base, never investigated deeply. From an analysis of the documents and from a comparison among diverse buildings by Nervi, it is possible to recognize his innovative theory, in which structure and architecture are the subject of the art of making buildings: the theory of practice

Inserito il 13/11/2010 12:20 - Leggi tutto »

Il restauro come pelle: Villa Antonietta a Palermo
Of the many Liberty buildings in Palermo, this article describes Villa Antonietta, a building relatively unknown and of obscure attribution. Recently, restoration work has been undertaken. Here, for the sake of brevity is described solely a few issues related to the theme of colour in the Liberty style that in this Villa have been undertaken according to the principles of philological restoration, based upon the pre-existing examples in Mondello, where the Villa is situated.

Inserito il 06/11/2010 15:09 - Leggi tutto »

La cripta di San Michele in Borgo a Pisa: un tesoro da salvare
The crypt of church of San Michele in Borgo was discovered by Alessandro da Morrona during the XIX century. Probably, the crypt belonged to the native building of X century and it´s vault was decorated with frescos during the XII century. Important repairs were effected by Peleo Bacci in the 1911 and by Piero Sanpaolesi and Massimo Carmassi during the second postwar period. Unfortunatly, the intervention of repair were never brought to term and nowadays the crypt appears in state of neglect.


Inserito il 29/10/2010 15:20 - Leggi tutto »

L'opera di Francesco Riccardo Monti
Francesco Riccardo Monti (1888 - 1958) was an Italian sculptor who resided in the Philippines from 1930 to 1958. He is known for his many works of public sculpture during the Commonwealth and post-war years in the Philippines.

Inserito il 20/10/2010 13:25 - Leggi tutto »

En 1911, el sacerdote español José María Campoamor fundó la sociedad Círculo de Obreros con el ánimo de mejorar las condiciones de vida de los obreros de Bogotá. Después vino la Caja de Ahorros del Círculo de Obreros, y en 1913 se inició la construcción de una urbanización de 120 casas para sus afiliados. Estas solo se daban en arriendo, y se les adjudicaban exclusivamente a obreros asalariados sin propiedad alguna, quienes debían cumplir un reglamento de convivencia y observar sólidos principios religiosos. Dicha urbanización se construyó al sur de la ciudad, en las afueras de entonces, con una serie de particularidades que la hicieron casi autosuficiente y la convirtieron en la primera urbanización para obreros de Colombia y en un ejemplo de construcción social y convivencia, cuya arquitectura y cuyos habitantes, viviendo en una especie de pueblito, forjaron una identidad propia sin intervención del Estado.

Inserito il 14/10/2010 14:56 - Leggi tutto »

Il progetto dei ponti strallati
In this study the cable types mostly used for these bridges and bridges abroad are describe: Based on damages observed in stay cables and improvements of the global design, the structural detailing, the sizing and the corrosion protection are shown with the aim of minimize the inspection and maintenance cost in the future.

Inserito il 23/09/2010 07:22 - Leggi tutto »

Interventi di ispezione, manutenzione e ripristino dei ponti strallati
In this study the cable types mostly used for these bridges and bridges abroad are describe: locked coil ropes, parallel wire cables and parallel strand cables. Furthermore, general requirements for the inspection of bridges are dealt with and special techniques for the inspection of stay-cables are presented.

Inserito il 22/09/2010 13:43 - Leggi tutto »

I ponti network arch: tra analisi e progettazione
In this study the unconventional bridge typology related to the network arch shape is presented and investigated. This typology, as stated from one of the principal investigator of this structural example (Per Tveit) should be preferred to standard vertical steel arch bridge cable arrangement in most cases, as illustrated in the following. Recent examples are presented and commented upon.

Inserito il 21/09/2010 12:02 - Leggi tutto »

Ponti pedonali in acciaio inossidabile
In this study some examples related to steel bridges are reported and investigated. The aim is to deep the knowledge of stainless steel materials applied to a very wide variety of pedestrian bridges, in order to fill the gap of conventional building typologies. Advances in the knowledge and constructional details are investigated and illustrated.

Inserito il 20/09/2010 10:25 - Leggi tutto »

Preservación del Patrimonio Arquitectónico Industrial
The present work features the proposal for the repair, reinforcement and reconstruction of Bodega Arizu (Arizu Winery). The Bodega Arizu building dates from 1888 and it has been designated National Historic Monument. It is located on the Province of Mendoza (Argentina – South America) which is considered a high seismic risk zone. At first, the building of a shopping mall was projected in the site, but the idea was soon dismissed due to incompatibility with the area. At present, the building is run-down. The proposal aims at rescuing the architectural heritage represented by Bodega Arizu within the city's historic, social and economic context, since such winery is considered a symbol of Mendoza's viticulture history and technological progress. In order to undertake the proposal, several tests were conducted to determine the forces acting upon the existing structure of the former winery's main building (clay bricks - brick arches). The structure presents severe damages such as collapse decks, wall cracks, and leakage. All this deficiencies have led to increasing building deterioration. The seismic risk aggravates the situation and makes the structure prone to major damages caused by dynamic excitations.
For the purpose of exploiting the tourist and cultural potential of this industrial historic heritage site, various solutions complying with state-of the-art public safety standards and regulations in force were given and the winery building was adapted to present structural, architectural and urban requirements

Inserito il 06/07/2010 01:53 - Leggi tutto »

During the XVIII century, painters and architects in the Veneto used the ''camera obscura'' to make city views and drawings of individual buildings. This article examines the history of this instrument from its origins to its use by the Venetian townscape painters and architects in the 1700s; furthermore the text reports about the different kinds of “camera obscura” it was possible to use in the XVIII century showing some pictures included a pattern of the camera known as Canaletto's one.

Inserito il 18/06/2010 01:22 - Leggi tutto »

The architecture of the Islamic world is often considered, even nowadays, like an indistinct whole, notwithstanding its century-old history and multiple artistic forms, risen on an area that involves forty nations and spans over three continents. This is the consequence of an Eurocentric and outdated vision, which considers Islam as a static, monolithic and closed universe: a symmetric vision also shared by some ideological trends existing inside the Islamic world itself. Islam art, architecture and culture, instead, cannot be fully understood if not considering the interactions and trading with various other civilizations. Breaking with the traditional isolation of the Muslim universe, this book underlines the fertile fabric of intercultural contaminations which characterize the architecture in the Islamic world during the Middle Age, between VII and XV century, from the Iberian peninsula to Sicily, from Egypt to India, and shows, thanks also to a rich, and mostly unpublished, iconographic apparatus, the peculiarity of the styles that mark different periods and regions.

Inserito il 17/06/2010 12:01 - Leggi tutto »

Torino: il nuovo volto dell'ex Choccolat Tobler
Main theme of the project is the concept of liveliness, enlighted also by the particular location of the transforming area, crossroad of different cultural logics and interests; however it's exactly the fragmented identity of this area which permits to risk innovative solutions which aim to improve its image and to encourage a future economic progress. In the same concept of liveliness the project bases its moves for a reinterpretation of living, through a flexible use of the spaces which determined the peculiar wedge logic of the residential units.
Inserito il 06/06/2010 10:08 - Leggi tutto »

This document aims to reflect on a specific aspect of urban public space, related uses and appropriations of the street in neighborhood communities in the city of Ibagué. The street has been regarded by history as one of the main components of the system of public space, since it constitutes excellence in field of communication and citizen relationships. However, walking or watching our cities, we see how people use public space for their own benefit, regardless of their collective character, which is evident in statements that deny, in the case of the street, their intrinsic public status.

Urbane life, the street, public space, the city and the public, urbanism.

Inserito il 31/05/2010 08:16 - Leggi tutto »

I progetti di Egle Trincanato
Egle Trincanato's plans for buildings in the centre of Venice

The only well-known design to have been produced by Egle Trincanato and Giuseppe Samonà was the 1952 plan for the INAIL building at San Simeone in the centre of Venice. In 1960 their work was reviewed by Vittorio Gregotti in Casabella magazine and is generally considered to be one of very few masterly examples of contemporary architecture to be built in Venice during the second half of the twentieth century. The architects Samonà and Trincanato also designed at least four other buildings for the centre of Venice, which were never built. Meanwhile, Trincanato alone was responsible for three designs, two for hotels and one for a private house: these include a rationalist design for the Bauer Hotel and a plan inspired by the work of Wright for the Danieli Hotel.
Inserito il 18/05/2010 05:18 - Leggi tutto »

Seismic isolation is coming out from its pioneer period and now it is on the way to become a popular system for the seismic protection of ordinary structures. The criteria concerning the architectural morphology, the selection of the structural configurations and other design options of seismic isolated buildings shall be discussed to popularise its use, to improve the effectiveness of ordinary applications, to cut down the construction costs and to open the way to new and wide applications. Moreover, the experts should emphasise the higher reliability of the design procedures commonly used for fixed-base structures, when applied to isolated structures. The target is to avoid that new applications are discouraged by unnecessary and complex analyses required by specific codes. Taking the opportunity of some demonstrative initiatives promoted by the local Government of the Umbria Region after the seismic ''swarm'' that struck central Italy in 1997 and 1998, this papers deals with practical topics concerning the application of seismic isolation to ordinary residential and commercial buildings.
Inserito il 14/05/2010 01:10 - Leggi tutto »

Seismic isolation is coming out from its pioneer period and now it is on the way to become a popular system for the seismic protection of ordinary structures. The criteria concerning the architectural morphology, the selection of the structural configurations and other design options of seismic isolated buildings shall be discussed to popularise its use, improve the effectiveness of ordinary applications, cut down the construction costs and open the way to new applications. Moreover, the higher reliability of the usual design procedures when they are applied to isolated structures rather than to fixed-base structures must be emphasised. The target is to avoid that new applications are discouraged by unnecessary and complex analyses required by specific codes. Taking the opportunity of some demonstrative initiatives promoted by the local Government of the Umbria Region after the seismic swarm that struck central Italy in 1997 and 1998, this papers deals with practical subjects concerning the application of seismic isolation.

Inserito il 13/05/2010 14:55 - Leggi tutto »

Il Palazzo Pretorio di Anghiari nel XX secolo
The Pretorio Building, in Anghiari town center, today shows a complex history of transformations and restaurations. Most of them were due to important seismic events that, since the XIII century, have been widely documented. Starting from the XX century, the main interventions followed the damages caused by earthquakes that held from the 1917 to the 2001. Today the Building is object of a restauration project and seismic improvement as provided from the recent Lines for the evaluation and reduction of the seismic risk of the cultural patrimony.

Inserito il 17/02/2010 12:55 - Leggi tutto »

Effetti del martellamento sulla risposta sismica di edifici adiacenti
When “pounding” occurs, the building structures are vulnerable to severe damage and/or collapse. In this paper the effect of impact is studied using linear and viscous_elastic contact force model for different separation distances and seven recorded earthquake excitation are used for input. Pounding produces acceleration, shear story and peak drift that are greater than ones obtain from the no pounding case. The evaluation of expected damage is checked through the seismic demand parameters.

Inserito il 30/12/2009 02:44 - Leggi tutto »

Ernesto Nathan Rogers Method and Gio Ponti Invention: consciousness among art, architecture and life. A rare empathy with the art world and ethic instruments for these two different protagonists in a Post II World War Italy that wants to grow with multi-faceted intellectual activity. Diverse positions and aims, with equal responsibility for a truly integral Italian architecture, on one hand ''able to design and detail'' of the other to follow ethics and democracy in the profession. If Ponti writes: ''The architects? Is not their a profession but a grace”, Rogers replied that architecture is a carefulness engagement, a commitment. Two faces become necessities of life, eros and logos, Calvino's lightness of memory (companion of every Pontian creation) in contrast to ideological confrontation. United in diversity, figures needed in mutual consideration of their specific features, shape in crucial stage of the debate about modern architecture, in the common perception of the powerful legacy of history, to be reinterpreted today in the transverse architecture stifled by the logic of contract and subservience to fashion.

Key Word:Art/architecture, Post II World War, Method

Inserito il 22/11/2009 09:25 - Leggi tutto »

Dentro del cambiante mundo de hoy y su paulatina pérdida de referencias, uno de los temas más recurrentes, particularmente en el estudio de la ciudad, es el que tiene que ver con la preservación de su patrimonio. En este orden de ideas, conceptos como “monumento arquitectónico” o “centro histórico” cobran especial vigencia en tanto su existencia, al menos tal y como la conocemos tradicionalmente, resulta en entredicho a la luz de la evanescente movilidad de la ciudad actual. De este modo, la pregunta que surge no puede ser otra que: ¿cómo orientarnos en medio del cambio? O, dicho de otro modo, ¿de qué valernos en medio de la movilidad? Cuestionamiento que a su vez nos lleva a interrogarnos por los medios para hacerlo y, en este mismo sentido, por lo que en realidad vale la pena “conservar” para alcanzar este fin.

En este mismo sentido, surge la duda de si podemos seguir llamando “monumento” al bien patrimonial y, de no ser así, cómo llamar aquello que en su reemplazo permite asumir su papel referencial, ¿qué sería aquello?, ¿cuál sería su naturaleza? y, sobre todo, ¿que relación podríamos establecer con la ciudad a través de él? Preguntas que en última instancia pasan tanto por un nuevo posicionamiento frente a lo que denominamos “historia” como por la construcción de una consecuente teoría de la ciudad.

Inserito il 17/11/2009 02:06 - Leggi tutto »

Una strategia di intervento per punti
L'articolo ripropone la relazione presentata al convegno ''Ritorno alla città - Rigenerazione urbana nelle città storiche ed europee: ipotesi a confronto'', svolto a Palazzo Vecchio di Firenze il 16 settembre 2009 organizzato nell'ambito della Triennale Architetti Firenze 09, ed incentrata sulla riqualificazione dello spazio pubblico del quartiere Oltrarno a Firenze.

Inserito il 06/11/2009 10:45 - Leggi tutto »

Este escrito no pretende ser historia, sino dar algunas puntadas para preservar la memoria de los hombres, es muestra de la investigación que se adelanta hace 7 años sobre el patrimonio modesto en el sur de la cuidad. Es esta una ocupación con características únicas en la ciudad y en el país sin olvidar que en América Latina hay una historia con otra escala de medición. Desde la Independencia de los españoles en 1810 al año de 1911 cuando un grupo de obreros se reúne con un sacerdote a soñar con una vivienda higiénica y digna son casi cien (100) años para lograr crear a las afueras de la ciudad un lugar casi autosuficiente para los obreros, artesanos y sus familias en unas condiciones muy particulares. Tenían un reglamento de convivencia muy estricto, costumbres fuertemente influenciadas por la religión y una estructura urbana que hacia que tuviera sus propias instalaciones y su propia organización. Actualmente el barrio cuenta con 96 años de fundación y la comunidad que la habita en su segunda y tercera generación hicieron una declaratoria ciudadana para reconocer el sitio como patrimonio modesto a nivel Distrital y a la memoria intangible con que cuenta. Esto debido a la paulatina desaparición y a la carencia de una protección normativa que parta desde de la autoridad.

Palabras clave:
Patrimonio, urbanización, artesanos, vivienda, adobe, obreros, Campoamor, Marias, ahorro, afueras.

Inserito il 17/10/2009 12:37 - Leggi tutto »

You take delight not in a city's seven or seventy wonders, but in the answer it gives to a question of yours. Or the question it asks you, forcing you to answer, like Thebes through the mouth of the Sphinx.” (Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities p. 38)

Inserito il 14/10/2009 10:54 - Leggi tutto »

Paris' move
When on March 17 the French Minister of Culture, Christine Albanel, opened the public presentation and exhibition of the consultation Le Grand Pari(s), she described the output of the ten teams of invited architects, planners and experts, as ''impressive''. Commissioned by President Sarkozy and developed over a period of nine months, this consultation may well remain in history as the cornerstone of the ''post-Kyoto'', ''sustainable'', city.

Inserito il 02/10/2009 14:46 - Leggi tutto »

La pianificazione delle città storiche palestinesi
Il contributo illustra il tema presentato da Azzam Hijouj in occasione del seminario internazionale “Recupero urbano delle città storiche del Territorio palestinese occupato” - Roma, 1° ottobre 2009 - Università degli Studi eCampus

Inserito il 02/10/2009 14:32 - Leggi tutto »

Palacio de la Inquisición en Cartagena de Indias
Las obras de restauración del Palacio de la Inquisición y su acondicionamiento para el funcionamiento del Museo Histórico de Cartagena, fueron terminadas en noviembre de 2003. Concluía así un largo proceso iniciado en 1996 cuando el Instituto Nacional de Vías, a través de la Subdirección de Monumentos Nacionales, decidió emprender esa tarea dentro del plan general de rehabilitación del patrimonio arquitectónico que se había propuesto realizar en varios centros históricos del país.

Inserito il 20/08/2009 06:42 - Leggi tutto »

Architettura e Città, Storia e Progetto
Il testo indaga la questione del rapporto tra Storia e Progetto nel pensiero di Ernesto Nathan Rogers, Giuseppe Samonà e Ludovico Quaroni proponendo la teoria della Architettura della Città aldorossiano come momento di sintesi di quanto elaborato dalle Scuole di Milano, Venezia e Roma. La tesi finale è che quella Teoria possa/debba ancora oggi dare importanti indicazioni per guidare i progettisti nella costruzione della città contemporanea nel rispetto della tradizione.

Inserito il 27/07/2009 14:14 - Leggi tutto »

Oswald Mathias Ungers e l'Italia
Il testo è una ipotesi di ricostruzione del singolare rapporto tra O.M.Ungers e l'Italia a partire dalla prima apparizione del Maestro tedesco nel numero 244 di Casabella nel 1960 - in un saggio e firmato da Aldo Rossi - fino alla consacrazione segnata dalla Mostra sulla sua opera nella Basilica palladiana di Vicenza e dalla laurea ad honorem a Cesena. Momento chiave di questo rapporto è la XV Triennale di Milano del 1973 nella quale si consolida, da parte di Ungers come di molti altri protagonisti della architettura internazionale, l'adesione al progetto unico della architettura razionale.

Inserito il 24/07/2009 14:30 - Leggi tutto »

Il controllo delle reti di ponti
La rete infrastrutturale italiana, ferroviaria e stradale, presenta oggi un elevato grado di vetustà e comporterà a breve-medio termine una ingente richiesta di stanziamenti per interventi di manutenzione e ricostruzione. In particolare i ponti si presentano oggi come elemento critico delle arterie infrastrutturali, in quanto non più in grado di sopportare carichi e velocità agenti sempre crescenti ed al limite in certi casi delle capacità resistenti dei materiali costitutivi assai degradati. Si pone dunque con urgenza il tema dell´individuazione di un parametro di gerarchizzazione degli interventi nella rete infrastrutturale via via in esame, non essendo possibile nella limitatezza delle risorse intervenire con rapidità sull´intero insieme di ponti oggetto dell´indagine. In Italia oltre al monitoraggio delle opere infrastrutturali previsto normativamente, non esiste una cogenza di adozione di sistemi di Bridge Managment (BMS), altrove più diffusi ed utilizzati. Si presenta nel seguito un sistema di bridge managment perfezionato recentemente, che pone le basi per future applicazioni in ambito infrastrutturale.

Inserito il 11/07/2009 13:51 - Leggi tutto »

Le recenti innovazioni nei ponti ferroviari per l'Alta Velocità
Per quanto concerne i ponti di media luce, si vanno via via affermando soluzioni innovative con l'adozione sempre più diffusa in Francia e Spagna di ponti composti a doppia travata.
La tecnologia, già adottata correntemente per i ponti autostradali e stradali, viene opportunamente adattata alle richieste tecnologiche dell'Alta Velocità, aumentandone la rigidezza e agendo correttamente sul progetto per tenere in considerazione i diversi effetti dinamici dovuti al passaggio dei veicoli ad Alta Velocità.
Inserito il 11/07/2009 10:38 - Leggi tutto »

Una città a ''misura di uomo''
Le città europee sono sempre più poliglotte e multietniche, pertanto, le relazioni che in essa si stabiliscono sono fondate su delicati equilibri che richiedono fasi di adattamento sempre più lunghe ed articolate. Questa ricchezza socio-culturale ha il compito di dover garantire e favorire non solo il permanere dei caratteri propri del patrimonio storico-ambientale del territorio di riferimento ma anche quelli più strettamente sociali ed economici dei diversi gruppi che vi risiedono e vi lavorano, garantendo loro anche la possibilità di svolgere un ruolo determinante nell'ambito della tutela e dello sviluppo dell'ambiente sociale e fisico. Come più volte ribadito all'interno delle Carte Internazionali è importante definire i principi e gli obiettivi, nonché i metodi e gli strumenti mediante i quali si possa attuare la qualità della pianificazione territoriale favorendo sia l'armonia della vita individuale e sociale che la conservazione e valorizzazione dell'insieme di quei beni che costituiscono la memoria dell'umanità.

Inserito il 11/07/2009 05:49 - Leggi tutto »

Manuel Salgado: Progetti di spazi pubblici
Nel presentare tre progetti per tre diverse città, l'architetto Manuel Salgado illustra le esperienze metodologiche e le strategie della propria pratica professionale legate a differenti contesti urbani: la periferia degradata di Sintra, la marginale area orientale di Porto ed il centro storico consolidato di Viseu. Coglie inoltre l'occasione per analizzare il valore della partecipazione/conoscenza e l'importanza del fattore tempo nei processi di pianificazione, per suggerire l'introduzione di meccanismi interattivi tra piano e progetto e per esprimere alcune valutazioni sui recenti programmi di riqualificazione urbana ed ambientale messi in atto in Portogallo. Ma soprattutto, Salgado palesa le preoccupazioni per la propria città, Lisbona, ed analizza il peso della politica nella gestione urbana e ruoli e responsabilità dei diversi attori del processo edilizio/urbanistico quasi ad anticipare le sue scelte professionali e di vita attuate a due anni dall'intervista, svoltasi alla fine del 2004.

Inserito il 07/07/2009 06:37 - Leggi tutto »

This paper illustrates the design criteria that guided the architectural and structural designs of the base isolated buildings of the new Emergency Management Centre of Foligno (Umbria).
A special attention was paid to the architectural shapes and structural configurations. They have been selected in order to maximize the effectiveness of the seismic protection that can
be achieved through the Base Isolation approach. The high potentiality of the Base Isolation option is also illustrated showing its capacity to solve the design problems that arose when,
at the end of a first structural design phase, the new Italian seismic code attributed Foligno to a higher level of seismic risk. The construction works of the buildings are now in progress.
Inserito il 30/06/2009 15:45 - Leggi tutto »

Non si può sfidare il terremoto a braccio di ferro
Il terremoto è un evento naturale imprevedibile; nelle sue manifestazioni più violente colpisce con una intensità tale da impegnare le capacità di risposta dei materiali da costruzione oltre i loro limiti di resistenza.
Inserito il 30/06/2009 15:30 - Leggi tutto »

Il Panoptico di Ibagué in Colombia.
A partire dal 1892, secondo le direttive di Jeremy Bentham e su disegno dell'architetto inglese William Blackburn ad Ibagué, nel centro della Colombia, inziavano i lavori per la costruzione di un grande carcere. A pianta cruciforme l'edificio originario rispettava perfettamente le caratteristiche di una struttura a ''Panoptico''. La prima sua occupazione viene fatta risalire al 1902. Dopo un secolo dalla sua istituzione il carcere è stato dismesso ed oggi sono in fase di conclusione i lavori di restauro finalizzati al riuso della struttura come museo della città. Il progetto è dell'architetto Luis Humberto Duque Gómez.
Inserito il 27/06/2009 14:37 - Leggi tutto »

Il ritardo nella divulgazione e nell'accettazione delle più avanzate concezioni progettuali antisismiche ha provocato un effetto di deriva che sta producendo un preoccupante distacco fra i risultati delle ricerche tecnico-scientifiche e la loro applicazione nella pratica realizzativa corrente.

Inserito il 21/06/2009 15:08 - Leggi tutto »

Non solo gli individui, ma anche la scienza può essere psicoanalizzata e sottoposta a terapia allo scopo di smascherare le pigrizie intellettuali che sostengono determinate scelte concettuali e operative, le motivazioni inconsce che inducono a dare per scontate certe nozioni, i bisogni pratici che spingono in una direzione piuttosto che in un'altra, la caparbietà nell'insistere su idee collaudate ma prive di prospettive, l'infantilismo delle esperienze primitive che condizionano i successivi sviluppi, il fascino ingannevole del realismo che dà una falsa sensazione di verità, la pretesa paranoica dell'unificazione e della generalizzazione a ogni costo, la pressione pragmatista del risultato immediatamente utilizzabile, le pulsioni soggettive che condizionano prima le visioni del mondo e poi le teorie scientifiche.

Umberto Galimberti
Paesaggi dell'anima, Milano (1996)

Inserito il 21/06/2009 14:55 - Leggi tutto »

Genius Loci e Genius Aedificii di Chiara Visentin
Ovvero sulla comprensione reciproca

Il breve dialogo immaginario che segue è un estratto di un testo più ampio di prossima pubblicazione. Un irreale incontro tra due ideali divinità, il genio del Luogo e il genio dell'Architettura, recuperando l'acute;antico strumento del dialogo, fondamentale per lo scambio delle idee e per la loro verifica. Tale forma di comunicazione, da sempre strumento di comprensione reciproca, ha antecedenti illustri, dallo stile socratico dei dialoghi platonici, a Heidegger, a Gadamer, fino alla prosa di Eupalinos di Paul Valery. Chiedo loro venia per essermene appropriata senza poter assurgere alla loro altezza, pensando però di averne condiviso lo stimolante piacere di questa forma di scrittura delle idee.
Inserito il 27/04/2009 16:13 - Leggi tutto »

Grazie ai nuovi metodi di protezione sismica, la muratura è da considerare oggi come un normale sistema costruttivo capace di resistere ai terremoti senza particolari problemi. La muratura possiede un'ampia varietà di caratteristiche; alcune di esse non emergevano in una concezione convenzionale del problema sismico basata sulla sola ricerca di ''resistenza''. Altri aspetti la rendono invece adatta ad essere utilizzata utilmente se si applicano alcune tecniche innovative, come l'Isolamento alla Base (Base Isolation). L'abbinamento sfrutta bene la combinazione delle prestazioni dei due sistemi ed assicura livelli di sicurezza non inferiori a quelli degli altri materiali oggi più usati. E' perciò possibile, anche nelle zone a rischio sismico, costruire edifici sicuri senza rinunciare alle qualità estetiche, tecnologiche e di durabilità di questo antico sistema costruttivo.
Inserito il 26/04/2009 03:57 - Leggi tutto »

Arte e Scienza a confronto - Olimpia Niglio
I criteri che hanno guidato la conoscenza di un'opera d'arte, in passato, si sono fondati principalmente su un giudizio di valore legato alla rivalutazione e al riconoscimento della storicità e dell'artisticità del manufatto oggetto di studio.
Inserito il 19/04/2009 04:15 - Leggi tutto »

Si esaminano alcuni problemi riguardanti il coinvolgimento dell'Architettura per quanto riguarda il contributo compositivo nel progetto delle opere da realizzare nelle zone ad elevato rischio sismico. L'argomento è riferito alla capacità di risposta delle strutture nei confronti dei terremoti di grande violenza, quando l'intensità delle scosse raggiunge livelli tali da superare i normali limiti di resistenza dei materiali. In tal caso, la sola ricerca di un'adeguata ''resistenza'', intesa in senso tradizionale, non è più un obiettivo sufficiente. In aggiunta alle tecniche del Capacity Design [49,50] basate sul controllo dell'energia dissipata nei danneggiamenti, gli obiettivi diventano: individuare sistemi alternativi adeguati; ottimizzarne l'impiego per minimizzare i danni alle strutture ed alle parti non strutturali, ridurre, o possibilmente eliminare, le perdite dei valori contenuti; ridurre i costi per la riparazione delle costruzioni danneggiate.
Inserito il 19/04/2009 03:28 - Leggi tutto »

Già prima della crisi sismica del 1997 la Regione Umbria, con la L.R. 26/88, aveva programmato la realizzazione di un Centro Regionale delle attività per la sicurezza civile ed ambientale.
Inserito il 02/03/2009 09:03 - Leggi tutto »

In 2009 Vilnius, capital of Lithuania, will be the capital of the European Culture. Among the initiatives promoted by the Lithuanian Country for this event, the historical centre of the city has been restored and its main monuments have been renewed.
Inserito il 02/03/2009 04:53 - Leggi tutto »

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