The houses of Jardim Filhos da Terra
Slums are no longer temporary solutions for the need for housing, but are becoming permanent. The phenomenon of this state of informality as a solution to the urgent need for housing in an exponential growing economy has been present in different ages and has been studied by architects and urbanists throughout the history of architecture. Slums are present in most developing countries. Yet given that slums are a consistent reality in the urban fabric they need to be studied individually during their development, as if they were cells of a unique entity - the contemporary city. In the last two decades, there has been in-depth research on informal settlements. This research has focused both on the reasons for the phenomenon and on possible intervention methodologies. Research treats the slum as an integrated part of the contemporary city, studying it with the same tools as the formal ones.The research methodology used in ''Jardim Filhos da Terra'' combines the Saverio Muratori traditional survey method with modern tools of urban analysis. This was tested during a period of research in a favela of São Paulo in Brazil. São Paulo was chosen because the city has invested in in-depth research on this phenomenon and is making a strong effort to find a solution for the integration of the informal settlements into the urban fabric. From this survey it was finally possible to make a taxonomy of the 68 surveyed plots, and from there to hypothesize the informal urban development.The greatest result was the understanding of housing evolution within the plot throughout time. That is a tool enabling planners to make previsions for the development of this informal fabric.
Mario Roberto Alvarez: alla ricerca del Moderno
The work of Argentinean architect Mario Roberto Alvarez in his very numerous and varied production tackling a variety of issues represents a remarkable example of integrity and rigor within the complex history of the Latin American Modern architecture of the last century. The essay in outlining his training and his debut focuses on the analysis of three of his works that testify the value of his research based on reduction to a few basic principles in a strict relationship between the technical forms and architectural ones.
LA VALUTAZIONE DELL'AGIBILITÀ POST SISMICA
The paper outlines the activities and the framework of the organization set up in the last years by the national system of civil protection in the field of the management and the coordination of technical activities during the seismic post-event emergency phase. It is well known that the time of the emergency is the most tricky and demanding among the civil protection activities. In order to ensure a right and effective outcome of the actions it is required to set procedures, technical tolls, qualified staff and team management, coordination between administrations and authorities.
LOS CENTROS COMERCIALES EN COLOMBIA
There are societies, which in a market economy, and the consequential globalization processes of syndrome TLC (Free Trade Agreements), transfer of technologies and knowledge, you have bet, a market model, which despite the global economic crisis, and way as knocking a the U.S. In countries such as Colombia, faithful to this economic paradigm, it follows the boom and unbridled construction of Shopping Centers, which apparently make believe the citizen common and current that their standard of living improves with the proliferation of these shopping centers, but this only works for investors, leaving on the rug, not only problems generation unqualified, but enormous consequences in other key variables such as quality of life, mobility, public space management, architectural and urban planning issues and problems of ideological and social idiosyncrasies that make us see these huge masses as the new paradigm of development for companies that follow these guidelines from the U.S. model, because in Europe they do not constitute a development paradigm. Specifically it aims to develop a critical and reflective reasoning on social dynamics filing the proliferation of malls in specific historical contexts as Colombian society.
Riduzione della vulnerabilità di strutture prefabbricate
The paper describes a research focused on low-cost anti-seismic devices to be installed on precast buildings. This work consists in studying the behaviour of two-dimensional precast RC frames, equipped with dissipative devices placed on beam-column joints and at the base of the columns. The evaluation of the performance capabilities before and after the insertion of the devices is conducted. This system fully satisfies the requirements in terms of easiness of installation and costs reduction.