LA HABANA VIEJA Y EL ENFOQUE SUSTENTABLE
In this communication are established some concepts and basic principles of the sustainable approach at an international scale. The criterions of the author are provided in this sense beginning from the specific examples of the Cuban scenario. In particular, it´s exposed the case of the Historical Center of the Old Havana and its development since the 80's, beginning from the establishment of its Master Plan as an organized guide of the work and integral management of the habitat.
The Historical Center of Havana was declared since 1982 as a Humankind Heritage. Since then the City Historian's Office and in particular its maximum leader the Dr. Eusebio Leal Spengler, have been developed a huge labor to achieve an improvement of that locality, taking into account a sustainable approach.
Some of the actions and results obtained in the Historical Center of Havana are presented as a singular case in Cuba, its successes and mistakes; but mostly, are examined the main objectives pursued in order to increase the life quality of the population living in the Historical Center and the vision of future that has the Office to find the solution for the most pressing problems of the place, as a approximation way to the achievement of sustainability in the cities and in particular in a high valuable location.
Keywords: sustainability, participative management, conservation, transformation.
KARL H. BRUNNER E L'URBANISTICA ORGANICA IN COLOMBIA
Between 1900 and 1950, the Latin American cities have received cultural influences from Europe. The main cities of South America, in those years, were suffering from severe alterations and environmental changes, and the social contrasts were many strong. The Latin American city had lost its cultural identity and, at the same time, the city was trying to acquire a new image. In this complex cultural context advances the Austrian city planner Karl Brunner (1887-1960). Brunner had studied in Vienna and in 1929 he had started working in Chile and then in 1933 in Colombia. Brunner works 20 years of his life in Latin America where he left important works and contributions. This paper intends to analyze the work of Karl H. Brunner for the development plan of Bogotá's city (1933-1938) and the introduction of organic planning.
I VIGILI DEL FUOCO NELLO SCENARIO POST-SISMA
After the 2009 l´Aquila earthquake, the Italian National Fire Corps developed specific decision support tools for shoring damaged buildings and for safeguarding the cultural heritage. In particular, an innovative approach for the standardization of the urgent interventions of temporary works was introduced with the Vademecum STOP (Shoring Templates and Operating Procedures) and, successively, a specific Handbook was realized for the training of specialists in the post-earthquake urban shoring.
Post-earthquake shoring, Italian National Fire Corps, Seismic safety
RECUPERACIÓN DE UN INMUEBLE DEL CERRO. CUBA
The result that is presented below is part of bigger investigation realized in the Municipality of Cerro inside of the research project “The University in the solution of the local bank of problems” which is directed by the University of Havana in conjunction with the Politechnical High Institute “José Antonio Echeverría” since 2011. It is a diploma paperwork which has as its main objective to propose solutions for the recovery of a property located in a valuable zone of the municipality of Cerro, that has been dedicated to different functions along the years and it´s pretended to refunctionalized to promote, from the activities that will be realized in it, the enjoyment of the local community.
In a brief synthesis, it is provided the methodology followed to obtain the final results, as well as the proposals and conclusions of the paper.
The houses of Jardim Filhos da Terra
Slums are no longer temporary solutions for the need for housing, but are becoming permanent. The phenomenon of this state of informality as a solution to the urgent need for housing in an exponential growing economy has been present in different ages and has been studied by architects and urbanists throughout the history of architecture. Slums are present in most developing countries. Yet given that slums are a consistent reality in the urban fabric they need to be studied individually during their development, as if they were cells of a unique entity - the contemporary city. In the last two decades, there has been in-depth research on informal settlements. This research has focused both on the reasons for the phenomenon and on possible intervention methodologies. Research treats the slum as an integrated part of the contemporary city, studying it with the same tools as the formal ones.The research methodology used in ''Jardim Filhos da Terra'' combines the Saverio Muratori traditional survey method with modern tools of urban analysis. This was tested during a period of research in a favela of São Paulo in Brazil. São Paulo was chosen because the city has invested in in-depth research on this phenomenon and is making a strong effort to find a solution for the integration of the informal settlements into the urban fabric. From this survey it was finally possible to make a taxonomy of the 68 surveyed plots, and from there to hypothesize the informal urban development.The greatest result was the understanding of housing evolution within the plot throughout time. That is a tool enabling planners to make previsions for the development of this informal fabric.