INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING
ANVUR - GEV 08 - SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
Class B (VQR)
ISSN [electronic version]: 2035-7982
EdA on.line is member DOAJ
This work is licensed under CC BY-SA
EARTHQUAKE DESIGN PROCEDURES
This paper reports the first step of a research project aimed at introducing soft computing techniques in the field of post-earthquake reconstruction. In April 2009, a disastrous earthquake struck the Italian city of L'Aquila, causing 309 deaths and damaging thousands of structures. As a result, Italian authorities established a regulatory framework for rebuilding process, which determines precise limitations for the seismic improvement of damaged buildings. According to this framework, a structural design final outcome, “eligible” or “not eligible”, depends on structural capacity and cost of works per square meter. The author, having worked to the seismic improvement of more than 10 RC and masonry structures damaged by the 2009 earthquake, believes that this evaluation system can be greatly improved through the use of simple soft computing tools. The goal of this work is to define a framework within which to build a fully automated methodology for decision support, with the aim of making the reconstruction process better. Fuzzy Logic seems to be the natural background for a methodology that aims to mimic the human expert judgment, in an environment where information is often vague and/or inaccurate.
Keywords: soft computing, seismic retrofitting, fuzzy logic.
Innovation and Technology
The identity consolidation which takes place in giving value to the historic and archaeological heritage, can find a key-point in the technological innovation, if this one is conceived as an instrument at the service of knowledge and of its widespread communication.
This contribution shows a design experimentation for the physical and virtual fruition of a singular proto-historic site: the Early Bronze Age Village in Nola. This discovery, unique of its kind, allowed the reconstruction of the physical and social organization of the Village. The design experimentation has been the occasion to verify the applicability of technologically advanced information tools whose aim is the realization of personalized knowledge paths. The use of the Augmented Reality increases the perception and interaction of the user with the environment which is enriched with visual, graphic and textual information, synchronized and developed in the virtual space, that the user cannot directly observe with its own senses. The perceived effect is that of a virtual space which coexists with the real one, in which the user is free to move, interacting with it. As a support of the system, the project expects the realization of punctual light architectures and organized paths, for a physical fruition compatible with the characters of the archaeological area. The project approach is shaped around the respect of the needs of conservation and defense of the archaeological heritage, but, at the same time, efficient for the widespread knowledge of historic, archaeological and social characters of these “valuable goods”. The support structures have the same generation matrix, modified according to the expected functions; they have been conceived as punctual, light and temporary sustainable architectures, designed according to the main rules of the eco-oriented building.
In this scenery, it is possible to read the signs of a new relationship between technology and archaeological environment.
Keywords: archaeological heritage, technological design, augmented reality
The archaeology of the city
Inside cities born with Mediterranean civilizations coexist signs of the past and contemporary. The archaeological ruins are all that now remains of buildings that were designed and lived in a different era and for this reason the instance of archeology and the instance of the architecture should not be considered as opposed to each other but should interact to find the best solution as appropriate. The discovery of archaeological remains within the urban fabric change the existing spatial relationships and would require that these be reformulated through an architectural project. In contrast, the non-intervention is the risk of degradation but also of a loss of sense for the found artifact and also corresponds to a failure to take a position towards the archaeological remains. The intervention in an archaeological urban area should first define the margin; secondly entail a critical choice, that is a selection as to determine a hierarchy that allows the reading of these; finally ensure resemanticization and reintegration of archaeological artifact within the contemporary city through the inclusion of new uses. In this regard some recent projects realized in Spain, whose theme is that of coverage and the fence interpreted as habitable volumes, appear significant; projects in which the function is not necessarily linked to musealization of archaeological finds.
Keywords: definition of margins, critical selection, reinsertion into the urban fabric
ARCHITECTURAL ORGANISATION OF SOCIAL CLUSTERS IN BURUNDI
The situation of poverty in the Republic of Burundi is one of the most extreme in the world, 93% of the population lives below the poverty line. Less than 10% of the population lives in urban areas and many peasants mostly live on subsistence level. Because of poverty, many families build their homes on their own invented materials: cardboard, plastic, or mats on illegal land obtained during the occupation. These settlements, as a rule, do not have adequate public services, a healthy environment or public safety. The social environment in the vicinity can be a breeding ground for all kinds of problems: many children often do not attend school, people do not have paid work, and some of them may even be involved in criminal activity. Therefore, the government faces enormous challenges in the areas of sheltering the urban poor. This study focuses on showing the need of durable housing for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). The objective of the study is highlight the needs of the low-income residents and to preserve the vernacular building cultures. A quantitative and qualitative methodology is applied with both social and physical analysis. The result of this research is a proposal of a typical cluster able to group a population of 5000. In this way permanent shelter will be gradually provided to the 80,000 Internally Displaced Peoples in different provinces of Burundi.
Keywords: Burundi, Housing, Internally Displaced Persons
Redesign of the Lenin Memorial Zone in Ulyanovsk, Russia
The degree project ''Redesign of the Lenin Memorial Zone in Ulyanovsk, Russia'' focuses on revitalizing the Lenin Memorial Zone and converting it into a museum complex titled ''The Epoch of the USSR.'' Designing the Interactive Center, titled the ''Global Experiment Laboratory,” will be a starting point for the creation of the Museum Complex in the Lenin Memorial Zone and to regenerate the whole city center. The field of interest of different parties, such as citizens, regional economic planners and federal authorities, will be discussed.
Urban development problems of the central part of Ulyanovsk, as well as their consequences, were analyzed and recognized as being typical for many cities of the former Soviet Union. Solving such problems as the degradation of environmental quality, city center decay, a lack of identity, lack of residents` involvement, huge unused spaces, inconvenience and the alienation of urban design will increase residents' quality of life, sense of security and participation and thus will make the city center attractive.
The central part of the city has long been in need of an upgrade, a new material-cultural layer, and the energy of the 21st century. But the near-positive effects of modernization that create a new identity can cause problems, including the definition of cultural value and handling the Soviet heritage. Aspects of maintaining a historical balance will be mentioned.
The degree project is also considered an example of the transformation of the Ulyanovsk cultural potential on the threshold of the centennial of the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 and also as an example of the creation of a tourist destination.
Keywords: Ulyanovsk, Lenin Memorial Zone, Post-Soviet cities, urban space regeneration, cultural potential, museum of the USSR